Fungal nail infections


What are fungal nail infections?

Fungal nail infections are professionally called Tinea unguium or onychomycosis. Infection is very persistent, so timely action is the key to complete recovery. Fungal infection is most often caused by dermatophytes and most commonly affects the nail of the thumb. We first notice a changed, dull color of the nail, which can be yellowish white, even brownish. The nail plate can also deviate from the nail bed, this is technically called onycholysis. Later, the entire nail plate thickens and deforms, becomes brittle, lacks shine, breaks and peels. Nails can also change the direction of growth.

The fungal infection most often spreads from the outer to the inner part of the nail and the nail root. With the help of enzymes, fungi break down the structural elements of the nail – keratin and feed on it. Fungal infections are not only an aesthetic problem, but the infection can also spread to other fingernails and toenails, skin, other parts of the body, and other people. It can also lead to pain when wearing shoes and walking.

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How to cure fungal nail infections?

The fungus burrows deep into the nail, so it is not uncommon for local remediation at home to be mostly unsuccessful because the means used do not reach the goal. If you suspect that you have a fungal nail infection, we advise you to take immediate action and order an examination, where we will give you professional advice. When rehabilitating, the affected part of the nail is sanded, the infected part is removed as much as possible and the nail canals are cleaned. This opens the nail and prepares it for remediation with a local antifungal agent.

At the PEDICARE center, we also offer rehabilitation with the revolutionary photodynamic therapy PACT MED.

What do our customers think?

Frequently Asked Questions

The most frequent sources of infection are bathing areas, spas, health centres and changing rooms. Also trying on shoes in shops, using other peoples shoes or slippers, infections from within the family, poor shoe and sock hygiene. Fungus spores can be transferred to the floor from infected people and can remain active for months. Infection can remain inactive for several years.

  • excessively sweaty feet
  • foot deformation
  • dry skin
  • too small or tight fitting shoes
  • poor quality shoes (man made materials)
  • cracked or damaged skin 
  • immune deficiency
  • damaged nails (due to sports)
  • diabetes
  • weak immune system
  • poor circulation
  • orthopedic foot defects
  • fungus within the family

PACT MED is a photodynamic anti fungal therapy. This has been used in modern medicine since 1990 to treat tumours, skin diseases and infectious wounds. Before therapy we polish away as much of the damaged nail as possible. Then the nail is treated with a gel which is activated by the use of a special lamp for several minutes. During this time the gel destroys the microorganisms which die in a short period of time. The treatment is completely pain free and without side effects. Even the most stubborn fungus infections can be destroyed with further applications.

  • Keep nails at a suitable length. It is important to use special tools for trimming fungus nails, these are different to tools used for healthy nails. Before and after use wash in running water and disinfect. Do not share the same tools with other family members.
  • Try to avoid damaging nails
  • Wash feet frequently making sure to rinse off all soap, including between the toes. Make sure to dry feet and nails including between the toes. A hairdryer is also a help in this.
  • Change socks regularly and wash at temperatures above 60°C. Socks should be made of natural material (cotton).
  • In case of excessive sweating use talc to absorb moisture.
  • Choose spacious shoes made of natural materials. Dry damp shoes before wearing them again and disinfect. If you are on your feet all day try to change your shoes during the day. 
  • Regularly clean and disinfect the shower or bath.
  • Avoid walking barefoot in public areas; spas, swimming pools, bathing areas, gyms, saunas, etc. Wear plastic thongs or slip ons as these are easier to clean and dry.